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《山海经》与美洲

楼主:NGT2009 时间:2009-09-15 20:14:00 点击:395 回复:12
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  我最早知道《山海经》与美洲有关系一事,是在连云山所著《谁先到达美洲》一书中,读到一则介绍:
  美国学者墨兹博士研究了《山海经》,根据经上所说《东山经》在中国大海之东日出之处,他在北美,试着进行按经考察,经过几次失败,他一英里一英里地依经上记过的山系走向,河流所出和流向,山与山间的距离考察,结果胜利了。查验出美国中部和西部的落基山脉,内华达山脉,喀斯喀特山脉,海岸山脉的太平洋沿岸,与《东山经》记载的四条山系走向、山峰、河流走向、动植物、山与山的距离完全吻合……
  真是令人惊讶:一个美国人,研究了中国学者都难以读通的《山海经》,并且据此实地勘察,发现了中国古人早已到达美洲!
  这件事的确让我着迷。
  后业,我又读到贾兰坡老先生为这个美国博士的著作《淡淡的墨痕》(《PALE INK》,中文译著名为《几近退色的记录》)所撰写的序言。更令我惊讶的是,那位凭借双脚踏勘美洲几列山脉的美国学者竟然是位令人尊敬的女士。或许是不同译者的译名,使连云山先生将亨利艾特·墨兹误认为男性;或许是觉得独自一人冒险走遍四列山脉的人不可能是一位女子。有的译者将这位女博士的名字(Henrietta Mertz)译为亨丽艾特·茉芝,这样,中国读者一看便知是位女性。而《人民日报》驻海外记者袁先禄在一篇题为《墨淡情浓》的访问记中,将被访者的名字译为:亨丽埃特·墨茨。
  据我所知,袁先禄先生是中国大陆第一位访问默茨博士的资深记者。遗憾的是,当我辗转寻访到袁先禄先生的夫人姚堤女士时,方才得知袁先生已然病故;而默茨博士呢,在袁先禄八十年代初访问她时,已经八十多岁,如今二十年过去,想来她已不在人世,令人黯然。好在袁先禄先生留给我们一篇《墨淡情浓》①,读了这篇访问记,我们好象跟随着袁先生一起,在风和日丽的芝加哥东南湖滨造访了默茨女士。
  还有她留下来的那本浸透她心血的著作。
  在这本书的原著序里,默茨博士回忆道,她是最先受到维宁(Edward Vining)有关著作的影响,并仔细研读了维宁翻译的中国古代典籍《山海经》。于是,“《山海经》里的这些章节引起了我的注意。我也着手对证古本,一里又一里地循踪查对并绘出地图……”
  真是令人汗颜!一部中国上古流传至今的宝贵典籍,却是由一些欧美学者用尽心力地在进行着再发现。
  《山海经》是世界上最古老的一部地理历史著作。清代毕沅考证其“作于禹益,述于周秦,行于汉,明于晋”。然而由于其成书年代过早,且奇闻怪事、神怪传说等夹杂,难于考证,故而二千多年来,一直有怀疑者认为该书“闳诞迂夸,奇怪 傥”,连司马迁也说:“至禹本纪山海经所有怪物,余不敢言之也。”清代纪晓岚编《四库全书》,干脆将《山海经》归于志怪小说一类。鲁迅也因该书记载了很多巫师祀神的宗教活动,而认为《山海经》“盖古之巫书”。而疑古大师顾颉刚则更予以全盘否定。当然也有如西汉刘向、刘秀(歆)父子校订该书时,给汉成帝上表,力陈《山海经》“皆圣贤之遗事,古文之著明者也。其事质明有信。”
  近年来学界对《山海经》的呼声日高。有的学者研判《山海经》,认为书中有关种种山神乃“鸟首人身”、“羊身人面”、“龙首鸟身”、“龙身马首”、“人面蛇身”等等,其实是原始初民的图腾神像和复合图腾神像,源于先民特有的图腾崇拜。这个解释是合理的。至于巫师的祀神活动,是上古部落族日常必有的宗教活动。巫字本意就是指上通天文、下知地理的人,是代替人们承接天意的人,故而原始初民社会,部落酋长往往兼具巫师职责,率领万民祀神。
  至于《山海经》中记载的大量神话,也绝不能以貌似怪诞而简单地贴上神话标签,不重视其所传述的历史内涵。其实原始初民正是通过神话传说,将重要的历史事件和人物记录下来。《孔子集语·子贡第二》引《尸子下》,讲了一则孔夫子解读神话的故事。有一次,子贡问孔子,过去,传说黄帝有四个面孔,你信吗?孔子回答,这是黄帝任用了四个与自己意见相同的人去治理四方,他们彼此不用协商就和谐一致,这就叫四面,并非黄帝真有四个面孔。这似乎为我们解读《山海经》中的神话提供了一种方法。
  倒是美国学者默茨直截了当地指出《山海经》中大量的有如旅行记录般的客观记载:“谁如果仅仅念上几句这样的‘神话’,就会清楚地感到写这些话的人是诚恳的……一里又一里,里程分明的记录绝不是心血来潮的梦想,也不是捕风捉影的幻境。扎扎实实的、客观的事实是:‘过流沙往南100英里,曰秃山,大河东流。”②这里没有什么奇想。
  于是,在反复研读推证后,默茨背起行囊上路了。她要像中国古代的旅行者一样,用双脚去丈量勘测那些山脉。她的方法是:《山海经》中的中国古人让你向东,你就向东,让你走三百里,你就走三百里,看看会发现什么。
  这位思维完全是开放型的美国女性又带给中国学者一个困窘。她写道:“约在公元前三世纪,中国人开始在国内核对《山海经》所描写的某些山脉,但未能找到。学者们在全国寻找线索而一无所获,于是只好作罢……”
  就目前所见资料看,中国人研究《山海经》还只是考证史料,查找地图。
  人们发现,《山海经》中,《南山经》已写到浙江绍兴界:“又东五百里,曰会稽之山……”晋代郭璞注云:会稽之山,“今在会稽山阴县南,上有禹冢及井。”而会稽正是现在绍兴的古称。而《北山经》则写到了河北界的太行山和 沱河:“北次三经之首,曰太行之山。”
  “木马之水出焉,而东北流注于 沱。”“空桑之水出焉,东流注于 沱。”
  而《东山经》中所到四条山脉多无可考,因中国东部乃冲积平原,何来四列山脉,默茨所说的中国人“开始在国内核对《山海经》所描写的某些山脉,但未能找到”,指的主要是《东山经》所列的山脉。
  于是,默茨便“心安理得地越过大海”,到美洲去踏勘了。
  默茨历经艰难险阻,踏勘的结果是:
  第一列山脉,起自今美国怀俄明州,至得克萨斯的格兰德河止,共12座山。将古华里换算为英里,与《东山经》中第一列山的距离完全相符。
  第二列山脉,起于加拿大的曼尼托巴的温尼泊,止于墨西哥的马萨特兰,共17座山。距离与《东山经》第二列山脉相合。
  第三列山脉是沿海岸山脉的太平洋沿岸,完全走太平洋海岸航行,起于阿拉斯加的怀尔沃德山,至加州的圣巴巴拉,共9座山。距离也与《东山经》所列第三条山脉相符。
  第四列山脉,起于华盛顿州的雷尼尔火山,经俄勒冈州到内华达州北部,共8座山,距离与《东山经》第四列山相合。
  于是默茨宣告:“过去2000多年一向被中国人认为是神话的《山海经》,不是神话,而是真实的文字记录。珍藏在中国书库中的这部文献提供了充分的证据表明,早在公元前2000多年中国人便已到达美洲探险,而这些材料迄今为止一向是很缺乏的。”
  对于默茨的考察结果,中国学者能说什么?我们可以不相信,可以认为是“臆说”,但反驳必然无力,因为没有中国人也象默茨那样,迈开双脚丈量中国东部山水,找出《东山经》所列四条山脉到底在中国何处?
  最有力的办法还是依旧给《山海经》贴上神话的标签,置于故纸堆中,不予理睬!
  可叹,中国历史上,像徐霞客一样的旅行家实在太少了。一句“父母在,不远游”,羁绊了中国人的步伐,也限制了我们的创造力。
  二
  其实剔除《山海经》由于年代久远,出现错简、残简、漏简等错生命线,其内容之可信,屡使后人称奇。
  《山海经》古传有三十二篇,西汉刘向、刘秀(歆)父子最早校订此书时,定为十八篇。这就是我们今天看到的《山海经》。
  刘秀最后校订完成《山海经》十八篇后,为此专门给皇帝上表,其内容今日可看做一篇出版内容简介:
  ……《山海经》者,出于唐虞之际。昔洪洋溢,漫衍中国,民人失据,(崎岖)于丘陵,巢于树木。鲧既无功,而帝尧使禹继之。禹乘四载,随山(刊)木,定高山大川。益与伯翳主驱禽兽,命山川,类草木,别水土。四岳佐之,以周四方,逮人迹之所希至,及舟舆之所罕到。内别五方之山,外分八方之海,纪其珍宝奇物,异方之所生,水土草木禽兽昆虫麟风之所止,祯祥之所隐,及四海之外,绝域之国,殊类之人。禹别九州,任土作贡,而益等类物善恶,著《山海经》。皆圣贤之遗事,古文之著明者也。其事质明有信。……
  接下来,刘秀为了向皇帝说明“其事质明有信”,还举了两个例子。其中一例是:
  孝武皇帝时尝有献异鸟者,食之百物,所不(肯)食。东方朔见之,言其鸟名,又言其所当食,如朔言。问朔何以知之,即《山海经》所出也。
  刘向、刘秀(歆)父子是中国历史上已知最早校订《山海经》之人。他们看到过的《山海经》是“凡三十二篇”,而我们今天看到的《山海经》是经他们校订删编而定的十八篇。对于《山海经》,刘氏父子应最有发言权的。何况为此皇帝上表,是“臣秀昧死谨上”,岂敢胡言乱语?
  今日事实证明,《山海经》确实“其事质明信”。现举几例,真让人称奇:
  其一,在闻名于世的四川三星堆文化遗址发掘中,考古人员在一个祭器坑中发现许多保存完好的象牙,而今日成都平原又不是野象栖息地;遗址中还出土了很多玉器,而成都平原并不出产玉石。翻开《山海经》便可找到答案。《山海经·中次九经》指出:“岷山……其兽多犀象,多夔牛”;“岷山……其上多金玉,其下多白珉。”白珉即是白色的硅质类岩石。这就指明了三星堆遗址中象牙和玉石器的来源。而三星堆出土的人首鸟身青铜像,也与《山海经·中次八经》中的山神形象相合。
  其二,清末民初曾任清朝政府和尼国政府驻外使节的欧阳庚先生之子欧阳可亮,耋年曾跟随其父在中南美洲生活多年,相识不少印第安人,曾有一段奇特的经历,现将欧阳可亮先生的自述摘录如下:
  “笔者耋年在海外,与殷地安人(欧阳可亮认为印第安人实应为殷地安人,有殷人之意)家庭同吃同住同学同游六年,1926年6月15日,与欧阳可宏三哥、可祥五弟,受殷福布族招待,派二十名殷福布族青年水手划船,从墨西哥支华华(CHIHUAHUA)州的支华华市支华华村的甘渊汤谷(即 谷)23人上船,一路上有800公里地下钟乳古水道,实入《山海经·大荒东经·大荒南经》之大壑、甘渊、归墟、咸池,而不自知。由黑(墨)齿国(即墨池国)之尤卡坦半岛科潘河上岸,出墨池(归墟),到拉文塔太阳神庙遗址。见日出杲杲,朝阳东升于穹桑树上,殷地安群众已集数百,礼拜太阳。20名水手也站立挺身,仰面朝天祈祷。回去时,仍由大壑、咸池,进入地下钟乳水道,在墨池归墟饮‘合虚山长寿甘泉的甘露水 ,见有地下水道岔口,钟乳下垂滴水,蔚为壮观。一水手说:这岔道是天元(TIENYUEN)日月山,常羲(CHANGSI)妈妈正在浴月,一月方至,一月方出。三哥问:怎么墨国也有轩辕呢?答:这是海外天元。指又一钟乳大岔水道说:这是羲和(SIHO)妈妈浴日的地方,共有22个地下岔道,一进去,迷了路就出不来了……我们兄弟3人1927年才回中国学汉语,当时只会说西班牙和殷地安语,23人谁也没读过《山海经》,后来才知道水手讲的同《山海经》记的多有暗合,很是惊讶……
  1926年这次游历终生难忘,因我童年和殷福布族等殷地安人生活,彼此互称殷地安,自言中国人,确信美洲‘印第安’人,就是中国商殷人和少昊、夸父等中华先人的裔胃。③
  其三,再说到默茨。默茨在《山海经·大荒东经》中读到开篇一句:“东海之外大壑”,并《海外东经》中羿射九日神话之源:“十日所浴,在墨齿北,居水中。有大木,九日居下枝,一日居上枝。”默茨认为,“大壑”便是美国科罗拉多大峡谷——“他们在四千年前称之为‘大壑’,我们今天称它为‘大峡谷’。人们站在大峡谷边上眺望,无不为它瑰丽的景色所感动。印第安人对此不能无动于衷,中国人不能,我们也不能。”默茨进而推断道:中国关于羿射日的神话,其出处无疑就在《山海经·海外东经》。“我相信终有一天会发现,射日的故事最早发源于某一印第安人的部落,是印第安人讲给中国人听的。中国人将印第安人关于峡谷怎样形成的神话,作为大壑(大峡谷)的神话带回来……印第安人是想解释峡谷是怎样来的,想弄清为什么会流金铄石,五光十色。对诗情画意的中国人来说,这故事听来是讲得通的……应该承认,神话的根子就在美国大峡谷。”
  默茨的推论虽然大胆,却不无根据。现在我们吃惊地得知,在美国大峡谷附近的印第安部落中,确实流传着十日神话。徐松石教授经搜集考证,指出:“美洲也有墨西哥境十日浴于扶桑汤谷的故事。又有加利福尼亚沙士太印第安族的十日传说。据谓狗酋达(犬形神人)创造天地日月,造成十个太阳和十个月亮。他们本来是轮流出现的。后来有一个时候,十个太阳白天并出,十个月亮夜里并悬。弄到日间则热似焦火,夜里则冻似寒冰……人民十分痛苦。狗酋达就出来毁灭了九个太阳和九个月亮。然后人类生活得以恢复常态。”
  现在,我们似乎可以说,美国西部的大峡谷,与《山海经》所记“东海之外大壑”方位地貌相合。而流金铄石的大峡谷应为古人眼中日出之处。大峡谷附近的印第安人与中国人有着相似的十日神话传说。至于是否古时来到大峡谷的中国人将印第安人的十日传说带回去,演变成羿射九日的神话,恐怕只能做为默茨的推想而难予考证。
  三
  《山海经》确实是上古先民认知世界的记录,其囊括的范围大大超越了现今的中国本土。如若不然,《山海经》又如何被分为“海内”、“海外”与“大荒”等不同地域而分别叙述呢?
  我们应该注意到,在《海内经》和《海内南经》、《海内北经》、《海内西经》、《海内东经》诸篇中,已可以大致看到一个“海内”的轮廓,这个轮廓的东南角已达“会稽”,西北角已达“凶奴”、“东胡”,西南角甚至达到“天毒”(晋郭璞注:天毒即天竺,按指今印度),而东北角则明确记为“朝鲜”与“倭”。
  请看:“盖国在钜燕南,倭北。倭属燕。”“朝鲜在列阳东,海北山南。列阳属燕”。晋郭璞为此注曰:“倭国在带方东大海内……”“朝鲜今乐浪县,箕子所封也”这就指明《山海经》之《海内北经》提到的“倭”和“朝鲜”即今日的日本和朝鲜、韩国。
  既然古时已将日本和朝鲜列于“海内”,那么,《海外东经》、《大荒东经》所到达的地方,必然远于日本和朝鲜。而在日本、朝鲜以东会是哪里呢?答案不言自明,当然应是美洲。
  《海外东经》记载的“汤谷”“扶桑”“黑齿国”等,必是美洲,因有其它典籍的记载佐记——《东夷传》载:“倭国东四千余里,有裸国,裸国东南有黑齿国,船行一年可至也。”
  至于《大荒东经》所载“东海之外大壑”,更非美洲莫属。《列子·汤问篇》云“渤海之东,不知其几亿万里,有大壑焉,实惟无底之谷,其下无底,名曰归墟。”
  而中国古人到达东部如此之远的地方,之所以“质明有信”,并非虚妄,乃是因为有人双脚丈量的结果。
  《海外东经》记载道:“帝命竖亥步,自东极至于西极,五亿十选(万)九千八百步。竖亥右手把算,左手指青丘北。一曰禹令竖亥。一曰五亿十万九千八百步。”
  晋郭璞注:“竖亥”为健行人。清郝懿行注:竖亥右手把算,算当为 。《说文》云:“ 长六寸,计历数者”。而“竖亥右手把算,左手指青丘北”,这就鲜活地描写出古时测量大地者的生动形象。
  “自东极至于西极”,气魄何等之大!“东极”在哪里?《大荒东经》载明,在“日月所出”之处;“西极”在哪里?《大荒西经》载明,在“日月所入”之外。《大荒西经》记载,“日月所出”之山和《大荒西经》所载“日月所入”之山各有六处之多,之所以如此,是因为古人观察一年中不同时间,太阳出升和降落的方位稍有不同。看来,命竖亥测量由东极至于西极的里程,也许与制定历法有关。
  还有一个情况值得注意,与《五藏山经》所记大量山名有所不同,《大荒东经》记载的许多山名都不象中国的山名,比如:
  “大荒东南隅有山,名皮母地丘”。
  “东海之外,大荒之中,有山名曰大言,日月所出。”
  “大荒之中,有山名曰鞠陵于天、东极、高瞀,日月所出”。
  “大荒之中,有山名曰孽摇 羝。”
  “大荒之中,有山名曰猗天苏门”。
  “东荒之中,有山名曰壑明俊疾,日月所出。”
  “大荒东北隅中,有山名日凶犁士丘。”
  上述这些中国人听来很怪的山名,无疑是外域山名的音译,是对当地土人所称山名的直译音录。如果是“海客谈瀛”式的神侃海聊,没必要编些古怪的山名。这倒从一个角度,证明古人确确实实到达了《大荒东经》所记载的地方。
  这里应该提到默茨博士在美洲的踏勘中,发现的几处古代石刻。一处位于加拿大的阿尔柏达,一处位于美国北达科他,还有一处在亚利桑那的“四角”(Four Cornnrs)。这些石刻文字明显与古玛雅象形文字不属于一个系统,反而与中国商殷之际的甲骨文极为相似,有些文字简直与甲骨文相同。难怪北达科他商业与工业开发署,曾向全世界宣告:“中国人曾一度访问过北达科他”;并且在1972年再版的《关于北达科他的种种事实》一书里,附以有关中国人这次探险的记载。④
  在北美洲发现的这些古代石刻,很可能就是古人“自东极至于西极”测量大地所留下的遗迹。要知道,“五亿十万九千八百步”,是一个相当遥远的距离。如果不以古时测量步算(据说旧时丈量土地时左右两脚各向前迈一步为一测量步),仅以普通行走,两步为一公尺计,五亿步当有2.5亿公尺——已有20万公里以上了,其行走距离,早已远远超出中国本土,可以环绕地球几圈了!如果考虑古人行走时翻山越岭、涉水渡海,不可能以直线行走,“自东极至于西极”距离的记载是可信的。
  并且,这项巨大的测量工程,不一定像有些学者所说的需要几代人才能完成,而是可以由一批同代人或一个部落的同代人便可完成。前些年,上海有位徒步走遍全中国的壮士余纯顺。笔者虽然没有仔细核查过他的有关资料,但以他经历过的几乎走遍中国大陆上的每一个市县、行走时间历时八年的情况看,他所走过的里程相加,相信已可以绕地球一圈。远古的健行人恐怕日行不止百里,若按日行一百华里计,一年约可走三万多华里,三年便可行走十万华里,足以绕地球一周。从《大荒东经》和《大荒西经》两篇记录来看,其叙述风格如出一位亲历者之手。可以推想,古时健行人完成了“自东极至于西极”的壮举,将大荒之东和大荒之西的所见所闻记了下来,并讲述给别人,因此才有了《大荒东经》和《大荒西经》。
  伟哉,华夏先人!
  默茨博士研读了《山海经》,并亲自踏勘美洲的山水河流之后,由衷的赞叹:
  对于那些早在四千年前就为白雪皑皑的峻峭山峰绘制地图的刚毅无畏的中国人,我们只有低头,顶礼膜拜。⑤
  而今天,我们还赶得上祖先的脚力么?
  注:
  ①《人民日报》1982年6月6日第七版
  ②原译文如此,与《山海经》有出入
  ③《中华祖先拓荒美洲》198页 黑龙江人民出版社
  ④默茨《几近退色的记录》第10页
  ⑤默茨《几近退色的记录》第100页
《大地》 (2001年第二十三、二十四期合刊)
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 13:52:51
  Gods from the Far East: How the Chinese Discovered America – Henriette Mertz
  Gods From the Far East

  Brand new 137 page softcover, first published in 1953, this copy reprinted in 2008.

  Shipping within the USA is $3.50. Outside countries shipping available but increases. Please email: storekeeper@ancientamerica.com with any questions.

  Sku
  b_mertz_godsfromthefareast
  Description
  Gods from the Far East: How the Chinese Discovered America - Henriette Mertz

  默兹女士还出了一本神奇的书,Gods from the Far East: How the Chinese Discovered America
  估计国内的人还没有看到
  
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:02:52
  Book Description:

  "This is another attempt to investigate early Chinese trans-Pacific contacts, written mid-20th century by a globe-trotting patent attorney, Henriette Mertz. Like Charles Leland's Fusang, written three-quarters of a century before, Mertz depends heavily on ancient Chinese geographical treatises to support her thesis that the Chinese explored the western United States hundreds, maybe thousands of years before Europeans. The strongest part of the book is her attempt to explain the available Chinese historical descriptions, even the most fanciful parts, in terms of specific locations, animals, and cultures, for the most part plausibly. On the downside, she misidentifies parts of the Hindu sacred texts as Buddhist, and indulges in the amateur etymology game, with predictable results. But these factual lapses seem to be peripheral to the book.

  [...] The Chinese discovery of America continues to be a perennial theory. Most recently we've seen 1421: The Year China Discovered America, by Gavin Menzies, and Voyages of the Pyramid Builders, by Jeremy P. Tarcher. Both of these books owe quite a lot to the work of Henriette Mertz." (Quote from sacred-texts.com)

  Table of Contents:

  Publisher's Preface; Preface; Geographical Myths; Fu-sang; Chinese Whimsy?; Kuen 327 And The Liang-sse-kong Ki; Mexican Legends; Yucatan; Related Items; The Buddhists; A Matter Of Words; Hwui Shan, Traveller Par Excellence; Early China; The Shan Hai King; Across The Sea; The Great American Desert; Conclusion; Author Biography

  About the Publisher:

  Forgotten Books is a publisher of historical writings, such as: Philosophy, Classics, Science, Religion, Esoteric and Mythology. www.forgottenbooks.org

  Forgotten Books is about sharing information, not about making money. All books are priced at wholesale prices. We are also the only publisher we know of to print in large sans-serif font, which is proven to make the text easier to read and put less strain on your eyes.
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:04:32
  《山海经》与古代中国人的美洲探索
  ——从落基山出发寻找答案

  主讲人:Charlotte Harris Rees

  《山海经》是中国古代的一部“奇书”,司马迁直言其内容“余不敢言也”、鲁迅先生称其为“盖古之巫书”,中国历代学者从屈原、东方朔、司马迁、郑玄、王充、朱熹到现当代的鲁迅、胡适、郑振铎、茅盾、闻一多、顾颉刚,没有谁不读过《山海经》,没有谁不研究《山海经》。民国以后日本和美国的相关学者也开始了研究。
  《山海经》全书记载了约 40 个邦国,550 座山,300 条水道,100 多位历史人物,400 多个神怪畏兽,它的学术价值涉及多个学科领域,它大量地、有条序地记载了山系、水文、动物植物、矿藏、国家地理、经济、社会文化风俗等内容,对该书细心钻研、深入探讨,就不愁没有新发现。
  《山海经》影响很大,也颇受国际汉学界重视,对于它的内容性质古今学者有着不同的认识。美国独立高级研究员 Charlotte Harris Rees 耗费多年心血研究《山海经》,以《山海经》的相关记载和美国的落基山脉为对照,追寻古代中国人最早发现美洲的证据。
  是古代中国人最早发现了美洲吗?一起倾听美国学者的研究、一起追寻答案吧!

  主讲人简介:
  Charlotte Harris Rees,美国独立高级研究员。曾在美国国会图书馆、斯坦福大学、中国国家图书馆、清华大学、英国皇家地理协会以及马来西亚、瑞士、加拿大等国家的知名学府、学术机构演讲其关于古代中国有可能最先发现美洲观点的最新研究。
  主要著作:Secret Maps of the Ancient World, Chinese Sailed to America Before Columbus: More Secrets from the Dr. Hendon M. Harris, Jr. Map Collection, Did Ancient Chinese Explore America?

  讲座时间:2013 年 12 月 13 日(星期五)晚上 7:00-9:00(晚六点入场)
  讲座地点:北京大学图书馆北配殿(一教正对面)
  主办单位:北京大学图书馆、北京大学国学社

  温馨提示:演讲以英文为主、配有中文提示;现场提问有中文翻译、提问并有特别奖品哈。

  http://lib.pku.edu.cn/portal/news/0000000907
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:05:19
  《山海经》与古代中国人的美洲探索
  ——从落基山出发寻找答案
  主讲人:Charlotte Harris Rees

  讲座时间:2013年12月13日(星期五)晚上7:00-9:00(晚六点入场)
  讲座地点:北京大学图书馆北配殿(一教正对面)
  主办单位:北京大学图书馆、北京大学国学社

  美国的独立高级研究员Charlotte Harris Rees 女士曾多次在美国国家公共广播电台以及加拿大的电视媒体上公开发表演说;曾先后在美国国会图书馆、中国国家图书馆、斯坦福大学、伦敦大学、清华大学、郑和研究会、英国皇家地理协会等知名学府、学术机构发表关于其对郑和以及古代中国有可能最先发现美洲的观点的最新研究。
  她表示,根据最新的DNA研究数据显示,美国印第安人以及其他当地人,很大可能是当时亚裔定居者繁衍的后代。在沿着落基山脉一路实地考察后,她得出了一直被认为是神话传说的《山海经》中描述的山川、河流、植物、动物、矿石等,与美洲大陆上奇特的景象与生物相符的大胆假设。
  她认为假如中国人发现美洲是历史事实,西方长期以来制造的“白种人优越于其他人种,其他人种无法独立自治因而需要被统治(过去体现在殖民统治,如今更多是文化统治)”的假象将被打破。因为以中国为代表的黄种人没有以发现新大陆的借口而去统治它。这将有利于促进人类的平等。

  ---------------------
  《山海经》对美洲落基山脉的情况有所记载
  2013年12月19日 中国社会科学网 作者:记者 耿雪
  中国社会科学网讯(记者 耿雪)12月13日,美国独立研究员夏洛特·哈里斯·里斯以“《山海经》和古代中国人的美洲探索——从落基山出发寻找答案”为题,在北京大学图书馆进行了一场生动的讲座。

  夏洛特的父亲亨登·哈里斯曾经写过《美洲人的亚洲父亲:中国人发现并移民古代美洲》(The Asiatic Fathers of America: Chinese Discovery and Colonization of Ancient America)一书。书中认为,中国人在两千年前就已经到达美洲,今天的印第安人就是古中国人的后代。夏洛特表示,她早期也不相信是中国人在几千年前就已经发现了美洲。随后,她根据《山海经》中所提及的山脉、河流和生物,实地考察了美国落基山脉西海岸沿线的部分地区。她认为,落基山脉的地形和《山海经》中的描述有许多吻合之处。同时根据美洲出土过的玉石以及疑似古老的类甲骨文符号,均能够表明公元前两千年前,中国人可能到达过美洲,并有一部分人定居,成为后来的印第安人。
  美国纽约郑和学会林翠玉女士认为,古代中国人很可能乘船通过洋流达到美洲,今天福建晋阳等地的方言发音和美国印第安人部分语言有着多处相似之处,或许可以为这一结论提供一些佐证。
  有学者认为,《山海经》是中国历史上的一部奇书,当前更多人将这本书看做一部神话。学界对于《山海经》的很多基本问题还有待研究。
  -------------
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:08:42
  因纽特人是亚洲人后代 到北极考察仿佛回到了中国
  2014年05月20日06:59 重庆商报 微博 我有话说 收藏本文
  因纽特人是亚洲人后代到北极考察仿佛回到了中国
  中国三极地区科学考察探险队队长金雷 记者 邹飞 实习生 蒋兴宇 摄

  商报记者 刘晓娜

  在冰天雪地的北极、南极生活是什么感觉?近日,中国科学探险协会常务理事、中国三极地区科学考察探险队队长金雷在做客“重图讲座”时讲述了他在北极圈的所见所闻,原来因纽特人是亚洲人的后代,他们从亚洲追逐猎物到达了美洲。

  因纽特人从亚洲逐猎到美洲

  众所周知,因纽特人是北极圈的原住民,他们现在的生活究竟是怎样的?上世纪90年代,金雷到了美国阿拉斯加州北极地区,专门考察北极因纽特人。

  “到了那里,你仿佛回到了中国,因为这里的原住民与我们长得没什么区别。”金雷说,因纽特人其实是亚洲人的后代,他们从亚洲追逐猎物到达美洲。当时在美洲大陆和亚洲大陆之间有陆地相连,也就是今天所称的白令陆桥。到最后一个冰期结束时,这个路桥沉下去了,使两个大洲之间隔海相望。但是在两个大洲的边缘,现在都能找到因纽特人的历史遗迹、使用的工具及墓葬,在语言上也相似。历史上,因纽特人从亚洲北部通过白令陆桥到达美洲,沿着美洲北部即今天的阿拉斯加,到加拿大,再到格林南。

  因纽特人3岁前都没名字

  金雷说,因纽特人对名字很敬重,小孩子3岁以前都没名字,因为当地小孩3岁以前死亡率很高,所以只有3岁后才赋予他名字。

  “提到因纽特人,大家一定会想到他们的雪屋。”金雷说,其实现在雪屋基本上没人住了,已作为一种旅游项目,因纽特人出去打猎也带着帐篷。

  很多人认为因纽特人的重要交通工具是“狗拉雪橇”,其实现在除了格林南地区还在用,其他地方都只是作比赛用。

  “现在阿拉斯加一到冬天,有一个很大的狗拉雪橇大赛。”他说,上世纪20年代,当地出现了白喉,内地飞机运疫苗过来,但冰雪太厚运不到城市里。所有养雪橇犬的猎人积极行动起来,运送疫苗拯救了这个城市。现在这个比赛,就以当时的运输路线为比赛路线,以纪念当时的救援行动。

  驱赶驯鹿是美国警察义务

  除了北极熊,在北极圈还会看到很多动物。“其中最狡猾的是狼獾,我从没拍到过它的照片,经常你等很长时间它不出现,等你刚走它却出现了。我们考察站边上经常可以看到狼獾新鲜的脚印,我等了几个晚上也等不到它。”金雷说,因纽特人现在都还有捕杀狼獾的习惯,“因为因纽特人知道狼獾的皮不会结冰,呼吸时皮毛不会结冰,不会冻伤脸,别的皮一呼吸就会结冰沾在脸上。”

  在北极圈还能看到驯鹿,甚至小区周围都有驯鹿出现。“美国警察有一项义务是驱赶驯鹿,因为被驯鹿角顶一下,基本上就开膛破肚。大个儿的驯鹿可以把车撞翻。”他说。
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:10:35
  5月18日,曾连续两次到北极探险的中国三极地区科学考察探险队队长金雷,做客《三峡大讲坛·百姓课堂》讲述了他所经历的北极故事。这个讲座也是我市科技周中的10场科学名家面对面专题科普活动之一。

  金雷讲述《北极故事》。

  重庆晨报记者 胡杰 摄

  北极·中国

  因纽特人的惊诧: 你怎么与我们长得一样?

  在土生土长的北京人金雷的“北漂”经历中,曾发生过被捕鱼的因纽特老人认为是同族人的趣事。

  “我的朋友本尼告诉因纽特老人,我来自中国,是名记者,可老人说什么都不信。老人对本尼讲,眼前的记者与因纽特人长的一模一样,怎么会不是因纽特人?”每每提起这段经历,金雷都会觉得不可思议。

  作为北冰洋沿岸散居的重要民族,因纽特人大多住在北极圈内的格陵兰岛(丹麦)、加拿大的北冰洋沿岸和美国的阿拉斯加州。

  因为在历史上与印第安人有矛盾,因纽特人曾被称为“爱斯基摩”人,意思是“吃生肉的人”。“为了反击这个带有贬义的名字,他们自称为"因纽特人",在爱斯基摩语中即"真正的人"的意思。”金雷说。

  别小看这些北极原著民,长期的科学研究证明,为了追寻猎物,因纽特民族大约在1万年前由亚洲内陆迁移到北极。

  “可是,因纽特人到底是从亚洲何处,由哪个民族迁移来的?这个问题始终是个谜团。”金雷介绍,近些年来有人类科学家认为,因纽特民族来自中国的华北和东北地区,但由于年代久远,一直没有最终的定论。

  “一些因纽特人坚信,中国人和他们是一个大的民族,只不过住得比较远。”金雷说,已病逝的调查大师徐力群长期在东北进行鄂伦春人调查,很多词汇鄂伦春人和因纽特人都差不多,甚至完全一样。
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:13:47
  海洋出版社1993年7月出版了美国学者亨莉埃特·默茨女士的专著《几近退色的记录——关于中国人到美洲探险的两份古代文献》的中文版(32开,150页,12万字,第一次印刷700册),我国著名学者贾兰坡为该书中文版写了序。该书原作于1953年初版,1972年修订再版,作者默茨女士为美国律师,长期研究人类文化史的疑难问题,特别是对美洲土著文化与中国古代文化的关系,饶有兴趣、情有独钟。

  默茨根据《东山经》记述的4条山脉的距离里数(3里折合1英里),以及相关物产,严格与北美洲地图的诸山峰一一对照,发现两者有着非常准确的对应关系。

  东次一经12座山位于美国新墨西哥州南北,从北向南依序是(未定)、(梅迪辛波峰)、朗士峰、格雷士峰、普林斯顿山、布兰卡峰、北特拉基斯峰、曼萨诺峰、布兰卡山、瓜达卢佩峰、巴尔特峰、秦纳蒂峰。

  东次二经17座山位于美国怀俄明州南北,从北向南依序是赫特山、穆斯山、石刻文字处、沃尔夫山、(未定)、梅迪辛坡峰、朗士峰、哈佛山、萨米特峰、奇科马峰、南巴尔特峰、科克斯峰、阿尼马斯峰、马德拉、巴马契克、库利阿坎、特凉戈罗。

  东次三经9座山位于美国西海岸,从北向南依序是费尔伟塞山、伯盖特山、卡茨·尼德尔山、鲁伯特(太子港)、沃丁顿山、奥林匹斯山、胡德山、沙斯塔山、洛·家托斯、圣·巴巴拉。

  东次四经8座山位于美国华盛顿、俄勒冈、加利福尼亚一带,从北向南依序是雷尼尔山、胡德山、孤山、吉尔赫特山、克兰山、马霍盖奈峰、三叉戟、凯匹托尔峰。

  对于中国人早在4200年前就来到美洲进行资源考察的伟大创举,默茨在《几近退色的记录》中文版第100页写道:“对于那些早在四千年前就为白雪皑皑的峻峭山峰绘制地图的刚毅无畏的中国人,我们只有低头,顶礼膜拜。”
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:20:16
  Nailing their colors to the mast
  By Mike Peters (China Daily)
  Updated: 2010-07-09 09:35 Comments(6) PrintMail Large Medium Small

  Nailing their colors to the mast
  World Map in Book 5 - Dr Hendon M Harris, Jr Collection, from The
  Asiatic Fathers of America.

  The treasure trove of seafaring knowledge amassed by the Chinese over the centuries is at the heart of a debate over the extent of their ancient voyages, Mike Peters reports

  A bright-eyed, middle-aged woman from the state of Virginia, United States, sits waiting for her next interview in a Lido-area hotel lobby. She's a retired social worker, a no-nonsense lady who speaks quietly and deliberately. But she is in town to help answer the question: Did medieval Chinese navigators reach the Americas years before Christopher Columbus? Just a few years ago, Charlotte Harris Rees started thinking that her late father might have held the key to one of history's great mysteries.

  "Few people expect ever to own documents that could change world history," Harris writes in her 2008 book, Secret Maps of the Ancient World, "and neither did we. Yet for decades, under my brother's bed, lay ancient Asian maps that we, our father's seven children, inherited from him. Some believe that they may contain a secret of the ancient world."

  That possibility brought Rees to Asia this month for two weeks of conferences and speeches. Her first stop focused on Zheng He (1371-1435), the 15th-century Chinese admiral who was dispatched by Emperor Zhu Di to "proceed all the way to the end of the Earth".

  An international conference this week in Malaka, Malaysia - a seafarer's crossroads for centuries that was an important base for Zheng He - explored questions about Africa. Zheng certainly got there, but exactly where and the extent of his fleet's settlements and activities have engaged curious scholars for centuries.

  The question that excites Rees, however, is whether Zheng He - and perhaps his Chinese predecessors - sailed to America as well.

  Academics have batted around that idea for centuries, but it wasn't until Gavin Menzies published his bestselling book, 1421: The Year China Discovered the World, eight years ago that the debate became an international firestorm. One of the sparks landed on Rees, who read 1421 with amazement and realized that the author was trying to connect the same dots her father had followed in his research.

  "When I was a social worker straight out of college, many of my clients in Oklahoma were American Indians who looked very Asian to me," she says today. "But the idea of Chinese coming to America 4,200 years ago in boats sounded pretty far-fetched then."

  Nailing their colors to the mast
  But her father, Hendon M Harris Jr, a child of Christian missionaries who worked in several regions of China, was fascinated by the possibility. He picked up references to ancient Chinese navigators from several sources, including the ancient classic Shan Hai Jing (Collection of the Mountains and Seas), said to have been written in 2,200 BC and quoted in Chinese history and literature ever since.

  The Shan Hai Jing tells of Chinese travel to the four corners of the earth, says Rees, "including a beautiful land to the east of China named Fu Sang."

  Then one day in 1972, Harris was browsing in an antique shop in Shouth Korea, looking for gifts to take home to his family in the United States. He was examining the wares on display when the shopkeeper said, "I have a map in the back. Would you like to see that?"

  "Father wasn't really into collecting maps - not then! - but he said, 'Yes,'" the daughter says. And when the map was spread out, as he recounted to his children years later, "he had to sit down because he felt himself shaking all over".

  What Harris saw was a world map block-printed in an ancient Shang (16th century to 11th century BC) Chinese style, with China at the center and a circular continent looping around the edges of the page. He immediately related this to the Fu Sang of the Shan Hai Jing. In subsequent years Harris found copies of similar maps in the collections of museums and universities.

  However, opinion is divided over the identity of Fu Sang, many believe it refers to somewhere in America; while others claim it is more likely to be Japan.

  A year later, Harris wrote The Asiatic Fathers of America: Chinese Discovery and Colonization of Ancient America. It got some notice in academic circles, but it was never the pop-culture phenomenon of 1421, though its premise was much more controversial.

  For while Menzies' book credits the voyages of Zheng He and the admirals under him with the discovery of the world beyond China, Harris argues that Zheng He set sail with maps made from information acquired hundreds, even thousands of years earlier.

  Charlotte Harris Rees finds that argument persuasive. Her speech in Malaka this week was titled Zheng He's Inheritance, and she told her audience that "starting a study of Chinese sea travel with Zheng He is like beginning a study of space travel with a trip to Mars".

  Chinese seafaring was refined over centuries, she believes. "Zheng He could not have been as successful as he was, without the treasure trove of knowledge and invention amassed by the Chinese over many years of sea travel."

  An illustration from the July 2005 issue of National Geographic compares Zheng He's largest ships to European vessels of the same era. The article contends that the Chinese admiral's fleet contained up to 62 baochuan, or treasure ships, that measured 122 m by 52 m.

  "You could fit all of Columbus' ships and all of Vasco da Gama's on a single deck of a ship that size," Rees says in awe. Rees talks about her father's research today with the passion of a religious convert. She talks of ancient Chinese shipwrecks off the US Pacific coast. Of maps Columbus and Magellan are said to have used on their voyages. Of DNA testing on Native Americans, with undisputed links to ancient Chinese.

  So is she convinced that Chinese adventurers, not Columbus, "discovered America"?

  "I don't pretend to know the answers," she says, smiling. "But as we find more and more evidence, I think we have to keep trying to put it together until we do know."
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:20:38
  Q: Why are the ideas in your book so controversial?

  A: It's not easy to rewrite history. I'm not a PhD, and if I were to pursue a PhD, I'd need university and academic mentors who supported the research. Most experts on the discovery of America have invested their lives and careers documenting a different view, a Eurocentric view.

  It wasn't always that way, though. I have seen copies of US history textbooks from around 1905, which say that the Chinese have been in America for at least 1,000 years. So this isn't a new idea. But by around 1910 there were new academic pressures, and then came the Columbus Day national holiday. After that, school kids in the US stopped hearing about Chinese coming to America.

  Q: It seems that a lot of Chinese scholars are as reluctant to embrace the idea as US scholars are. Why?

  A: There is immense interest here. But it can't be proved, especially with Chinese documents, because, soon after the voyages of Zheng He, there was a tremendous reaction against these outside adventures and the strain such shipbuilding put on the country's economy. Ships, maps, records were all destroyed and China became an inward-looking society for centuries. That's why it's easier to find ancient maps that tell the story in Korea, where they were not destroyed by government order, than it is in China.

  Q: The US Library of Congress recently exhibited a famous map made by Matteo Ricci, the Italian Jesuit, which the Library said was the first known map of the Americas with Chinese inscriptions. You challenged that publicly.

  A: It was a surprising thing for the Library of Congress to say. Many people doing research in this area have seen older maps of the Americas with Chinese writing. One of them is in the Library of Congress' own collection, though they have yet to validate or disprove its age.

  Q. Is this about ethnic bias?

  A: Well, it's true that many Western scholars are invested in the history of the European discovery of America. But it may be a matter of money, too. In May 2003, the Library of Congress completed their purchase of the Waldseemuller Map of the world for $10 million. Five million came from Congress and the other $5 million from donors. According to their 2003 press release that map was the "first image of the outline of the continents of the world as we know them today - Martin Waldseemuller's monumental 1507 map". That indeed is a beautiful map. However, if the Library of Congress now, only seven years later, admits that any other map that shows the American continents predates the Waldseemuller, then perhaps Congress and the donors who helped purchase the Waldseemuller will complain their money was misspent.

  Many scholars contend that since the Waldseemuller and other European maps showed the Pacific Coast of the Americas before Europeans had been there, that they had to be copied from earlier maps.

  Q: People who read your book, your father's book and Gavin Menzies' book can easily be overwhelmed by all of the evidence you cite. But critics contend most of it is circumstantial. Of everything you've seen and learned about, what has been the most convincing evidence for you?

  A: DNA evidence, which is quite recent. We've known for a long time that the "Chinese blue spot", which appears on the buttocks of babies and then disappears, is also seen at birth in many Native American communities. Now we know that five distinct genetic markers match ancient Chinese with modern Native Americans. That's evidence that you can take to court and win.
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:21:43
  Secret Maps of the Ancient World is a spell-binding book which presents a compelling case for ancient Chinese voyagers coming to the Americas. Reading the book, I felt like I had fallen into the archives for the movie, National Treasure - only this time, it's real!! Diana Waring, author of world history curriculum and international speaker "The Harris collection of maps will in the long run, cause an even more fundamental and agonizing reappraisal of American history than my book has" Gavin Menzies, NY Times bestselling author of 1421 and now 1434 This scholarly and yet easy to read book is a major contribution to the early history of the Americas and the relations to China and other parts of Asia. There is much evidence that Chinese were in America before Columbus. Based on the rare Asian maps collection of her late father, Dr. Hendon M. Harris, the author has painstakingly researched, including using the resources of the Library of Congress, to present her findings that Chinese had indeed traveled by sea to the Americas since 2000 B.C. Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee, Retired Chief of Asian Div. Library of Congress Dean Emeritus, Ohio University Libraries "Charlotte Harris Rees, true to her distinguished pioneer father Hendon, resumes affronting usually-bypassed primary evidence free of the 19th-century dogmas with refreshing skeptical common sense" Dr. Cyclone Covey, professor
  作者简介 · · · · · ·
  Charlotte Harris Rees has appeared on television and National Public Radio in the United States and Canada, in numerous news articles around the world, and has given PowerPoint presentations - including at the Library of Congress, the National Library of China, Stanford University, Tsinghua University (China's Harvard), Switzerland, the University of Maryland, City U of NY, the China Institute (NYC), Portland (Oregon) State University, the University of London, Royal Geographical Societies in London and Hong Kong, Nanjing University, and Simon Fraser University (Canada) - about her family's map collection and the early arrival of Chinese to America.
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:28:32
  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps

  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps explores historical settings and distinctive styles of various old Asian maps and relates interesting curiosities found on them - including ancient love notes, state secrets, and internationally volatile data. The secrets could change your understanding of world history.
  Initially a skeptic of the theory of early arrival of Chinese to the Americas, the author's initial research was to find the meaning of the maps in the prized Dr. Hendon M. Harris, Jr. Collection. Her research took her beyond that to various related maps and what they reveal about Chinese knowledge of the New World at early dates.

  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps includes more than 55 crisp photos of various maps and illustrations. The text is expanded and there are three times the number of maps and illustrations as when this book was originally published under the title: Chinese Sailed to America Before Columbus. Even if you previously read Chinese Sailed, the clear photos and expanded text shed a whole new light on the enclosed information.


  Click Here to read more!



  Did Ancient Chinese Explore America?
  My Journey Through the Rocky Mountains to Find Answers



  The first of such an attempt to follow the footsteps of the Chinese travelers!
  - Hwa-Wei Lee, PhD

  Charlotte Harris Rees is an intrepid, matchless authority on ancient maps.
  - Cyclone Covey, PhD

  This book announces some exciting new finds that you will not want to miss!

  Available Now on the Purchase Page!




  (For more information CLICK HERE.)

  (To read an excerpt CLICK HERE.)



  “In 2006 Charlotte Harris Rees published an abbreviated edition of her father’s The Asiatic Fathers of America. Through her painstaking research she went on to publish two more books of her own - Secret Maps of the Ancient World and now Chinese Sailed to America Before Columbus: More Secrets from the Dr. Hendon M. Harris, Jr. Map Collection. Both of these books are the results of much more evidence that was gathered by the author in her extensive research and tireless scholarly pursuit. These books are recommended reading for all who are interested in revisiting world history in a new light.”





  Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee, Former Chief, Asian
  Division, Library of Congress (Retired);
  Dean Emeritus, Ohio University Libraries

  Charlotte Harris Rees and Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee




  Is there evidence that ancient America was discovered
  and colonized long before Christopher Columbus?

  In 1972 the late Dr. Hendon M. Harris, Jr. made a startling discovery. While searching for Chinese collectibles he came across an ancient Asian map book containing a world map showing a land mass labeled "Fu Sang" to the east of China, land that we today call America.

  (Photo) ? Paul Souders/ Accent Alaska
  Raymond and Darius Williams in this photo are Tlingit American Indians
  from Alaska.

  (Click cover for larger view)

  After years of research and his discovery of the existence of twenty-nine other supporting maps, Dr. Harris published a 796 page book titled The Asiatic Fathers of America. That book has long been out of print and for years after Dr. Harris' death the map collection just lay in a box under his son's bed.
  In 2003, with the sudden world-wide interest in this topic, the family took the maps to the Library of Congress. For three years the maps were there while being studied.

  On May 16, 2005 Dr. Harris' daughter, Charlotte Harris Rees, gave a speech at the Library of Congress about the early arrival of Chinese to America (CLICK HERE for a full transcript). Now Mrs. Rees is presenting this condensed, easy reading version of Dr. Harris' original text.

  Recent research on DNA and on the method of the Indians arrival to America support what Dr. Harris taught - Chinese came early and they came by sea.

  This abridged version of Dr. Harris' book, The Asiatic Fathers of America, contains several never before released pictures of the Harris map collection. The book also contains a brief biography about Dr. Harris' unusual life written by his daughter Charlotte.

  Harris, a third generation missionary, was born in Kaifeng, China to American parents. He learned both Chinese and English at a very early age. He was familiar with the Chinese classics which down through the centuries discussed Fu Sang in detail. Most Chinese today believe that Fu Sang was just myth, but was it? Harris' introductions to the maps, Chinese classics, and the similarities of American Indians to Chinese give new insights to this topic.

  (Be sure to click the "Excerpts" link to read sample passages from "The Asiatic Fathers of America.")
作者 :hantang14 时间:2015-03-19 14:30:54

  
  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps

  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps explores historical settings and distinctive styles of various old Asian maps and relates interesting curiosities found on them - including ancient love notes, state secrets, and internationally volatile data. The secrets could change your understanding of world history.
  Initially a skeptic of the theory of early arrival of Chinese to the Americas, the author's initial research was to find the meaning of the maps in the prized Dr. Hendon M. Harris, Jr. Collection. Her research took her beyond that to various related maps and what they reveal about Chinese knowledge of the New World at early dates.

  New World Secrets on Ancient Asian Maps includes more than 55 crisp photos of various maps and illustrations. The text is expanded and there are three times the number of maps and illustrations as when this book was originally published under the title: Chinese Sailed to America Before Columbus. Even if you previously read Chinese Sailed, the clear photos and expanded text shed a whole new light on the enclosed information


  

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