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外贸英语词汇大全

楼主:君心缚白袍 时间:2015-07-23 10:42:25 点击:89 回复:0
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  外贸术语:

  出口信贷 export credit

  出口津贴 export subsidy

  商品倾销 dumping

  外汇倾销 exchange dumping

  优惠关税 special preferences

  保税仓库 bonded warehouse

  贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade

  贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

  进口配额制 import quotas

  自由贸易区 free trade zone

  对外贸易值 value of foreign trade

  国际贸易值 value of international trade

  普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP

  最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT



  价格条件:

  价格术语trade term (price term)

  运费freight

  单价 price

  码头费wharfage

  总值 total value

  卸货费landing charges

  金额 amount

  关税customs duty

  净价 net price

  印花税stamp duty

  含佣价price including commission

  港口税port dues

  回佣return commission .

  装运港port of shipment

  折扣discount, allowance

  卸货港port of discharge

  批发价 wholesale price

  目的港port of destination

  零售价 retail price

  进口许口证import licence

  现货价格spot price

  出口许口证export licence

  期货价格forward price

  现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price

  国际市场价格 world (International)Market price

  离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board

  成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight

  到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight



  交货条件:

  交货delivery

  轮船steamship(缩写S.S)

  装运、装船shipment

  租船charter (the chartered ship)

  交货时间 time of delivery

  定程租船voyage charter

  装运期限time of shipment

  定期租船time charter

  托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor

  收货人consignee

  班轮regular shipping liner

  驳船lighter

  舱位shipping space

  油轮tanker

  报关clearance of goods

  陆运收据cargo receipt

  提货to take delivery of goods

  空运提单airway bill

  正本提单original BL

  选择港(任意港)optional port

  选港费optional charges

  选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account

  一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment

  一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.

  一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

  在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots

  在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots

  分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments

  分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments

  立即装运 immediate shipments

  即期装运 prompt shipments

  收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C

  不允许/允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed /partial shipment not permitted /partial shipment not unacceptable



  交易磋商、合同签订:

  订单 indent

  订货;订购 book; booking

  电复 cable reply

  实盘 firm offer

  递盘 bid; bidding

  递实盘 bid firm

  还盘 counter offer

  发盘(发价) offer

  发实盘 offer firm

  询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry

  指示性价格 price indication

  速复 reply immediately

  参考价 reference price

  习惯做法 usual practice

  交易磋商 business negotiation

  不受约束 without engagement

  业务洽谈 business discussion

  限**复 subject to reply **

  限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **

  有效期限 time of validity

  有效至**: valid till **

  购货合同 purchase contract

  销售合同 sales contract

  购货确认书 purchase confirmation

  销售确认书 sales confirmation

  一般交易条件 general terms and conditions

  以未售出为准 subject to prior sale

  需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation

  需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation



  贸易方式:

  INT (拍卖auction)

  寄售consignment

  招标invitation of tender

  投标submission of tender

  一般代理人agent

  总代理人general agent

  代理协议agency agreement

  累计佣金accumulative commission

  补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade

  (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade

  来料加工processing on giving materials

  来料装配assembling on provided parts

  独家经营/专营权exclusive right

  独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

  独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent



  品质条件:

  品质 quality

  原样 original sample

  规格 specifications

  复样 duplicate sample

  说明 description

  对等样品 countersample

  标准 standard type

  参考样品 reference sample

  商品目录 catalogue

  封样 sealed sample

  宣传小册 pamphlet

  公差 tolerance

  货号 article No.

  花色(搭配) assortment

  样品 sample 5%

  增减 5% plus or minus

  代表性样品 representative sample

  大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality



  商检仲裁:

  索赔 claim

  争议disputes

  罚金条款 penalty

  仲裁arbitration

  不可抗力 force Majeure

  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

  产地证明书certificate of origin

  品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity

  重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)

  **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)

  品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate



  数量条件:

  个数 number

  净重 net weight

  容积 capacity

  毛作净 gross for net

  体积 volume

  皮重 tare

  毛重 gross weight

  溢短装条款 more or less clause



  外 汇:

  外汇 foreign exchange

  法定贬值 devaluation

  外币 foreign currency

  法定升值 revaluation

  汇率 rate of exchange

  浮动汇率floating rate

  国际收支 balance of payments

  硬通货 hard currency

  直接标价 direct quotation

  软通货 soft currency

  间接标价 indirect quotation

  金平价 gold standard

  买入汇率 buying rate

  通货膨胀 inflation

  卖出汇率 selling rate

  固定汇率 fixed rate

  金本位制度 gold standard

  黄金输送点 gold points

  铸币平价 mint par

  纸币制度 paper money system

  国际货币基金 international monetary fund

  黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve

  汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio

  来源:http://www.xienglish.com/tag63/

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